ఈ బ్లాగులోని విషయాలు అనుమతి లేనిదే కాపీచేయరాదని హెచ్చరించడమైనది.

చూస్తున్నారా ... తెలుగులో ఫేస్‌బుక్ జనరల్ నాలెడ్జి తెలంగాణ క్విజ్ ... ఆంధ్రప్రదేశ్ క్విజ్

22 అక్టోబర్, 2017

ఆసియాకప్ హాకీ 2017 (Asia Cup Hockey 2017)



హోం
ఇవి కూడా చూడండి ... భారత హాకీ జట్టు, ప్రపంచకప్ హాకీ 2014, 2017,
విభాగాలు: క్విజ్ ప్రశ్నలుక్రీడలు,

Tags: news in september 2017, India Quiz, september 2017 quiz, Generak Knowldge tables in Telugu, India GK in Telugu, --------------------------------- ఆసియాకప్ పురుషుల హాకీ బంగ్లాదేశ్‌లో నిర్వహించబడింది 2017 ఆసియాకప్ హాకీ విజేత భారత్ ఫైనల్లో మలేషియాపై విజయం నిర్వాహక దేశం బంగ్లాదేశ్ 6వ స్థానంలో నిలిచింది భారత్ ఆసియాకప్ హాకీ టైటిల్ సాధించడం ఇది 3వ సారి ఈ టోర్నీలో 8 దేశాలు భారత్ తొలి 4 టోర్నీలలో రెండోస్థానంలో నిలిచింది భారత్ మొత్తంపై 5 సార్లు రన్నరప్‌గా గత టోర్నీ ఫైనల్లో (2013) దక్షిణ కొరియా భారత్‌పై విజయం భారత్ 2సార్లు ఈ టోర్నీని ఆసియాకప్ హాకీ టోర్నీని దక్షిణ కొరియా అత్యధికంగా 4 సార్లు భారత్, పాక్‌లు మూడేసి సార్లు నెగ్గి రెండోస్థాన భారత్ రికార్డు స్థాయిలో మొత్తం 8 సార్లు ఫైనల్లో Asia cup Hockey mens Tournament, hockey in telugu, sports information in telugu, sports quiz in telugu, ----------------------
మా CCKRao జనరల్ నాలెడ్ఝి సీరీస్ ప్రచురిత క్విజ్ పుస్తకాలు
పోస్టుద్వారా (పోస్టల్ చార్జీలు ఉచితం) మా CCKRao సీరీస్ క్విజ్ మరియు జనరల్ నాలెడ్జి పుస్తకాలు కాలవసినవారు ఇక్కడ చూడండి.

21 అక్టోబర్, 2017

తెలంగాణ టి.ఆర్.టి. సిలబస్ (Telangana TRT Syllabus)



TRT Posts Notification by
TELANGANA STATE PUBIC SERVICE COMMISSION
SCHOOL ASSISTANT
(NON-LANGUAGES i.e. MATHEMATICS, PHYSICAL SCIENCE, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE & SOCIAL STUDIES)

Syllubus

  • General  Knowledge & Current Affairs  (Qns 20, Marks 10)
  • Perspectives in Education (Qns 20, Marks 10)
  • Content (Qns 88, Marks 44)
  • Teaching Methodology (Qns 32, Marks 16)
Part – I 
GENERAL KNOWLEDGE AND CURRENT AFFAIRS (Marks: 10)

Part - II
PERSPECTIVES IN EDUCATION (Marks: 10) 
1.  History  of  Education  :  Pre-Vedic  and  Post-Vedic period,  Medieval  Education, Recommendations  of  various  committees  during  British  period with  special reference   to  Woods   Despatch   (1854),   Hunter   Commission   (1882),   Hartog Committee  (1929),  Sargent  Committee  (1944),  ecommendations  of  various committees  during  post  independent  period  with  special  reference  to  Mudaliar Commission    (1952-53),    Kothari    ommission (1964-66), Ishwarbhai    Patel committee (1977), NPE-1986, POA-1992  
2.  Teacher  Empowerment:  Meaning,  interventions  for empowerment,  Professional code  of  conduct  for  teachers,  Teacher  motivation,  Professional  development  of Teachers  and  Teacher  organizations,  National  /  State  Level  Organizations  for Teacher Education, Maintenance of Records and Registers in Schools. 
3.  Educational Concerns in Contemporary India: Environmental Education, Meaning and  scope  of  Environmental  Education,  Concept  of  sustainable  development, Role   of   Teacher,   School   and   NGOs   in   development   and   protection   of environment,  Democracy  and  Education,  Equality,  Equity,  Quality  in  Education, Equality  of  Educational  opportunities,  Economics  of  Education,  Meaning  and scope,   Education   as   Human   Capital,   Education   and   Human   Resource Development,   Literacy   –   Saakshar   Bharat   Mission,   Population   Education, Significance   of   Population   Education,   Population   situation,   policies   and programmes in India, Approaches to Population Education and role of school and teacher,  Themes  of  population  Education,  Family  life  Education,  Sustainable development,  Adolescence  Education,  Health  Education,  Gender  –  Equality, Equity  and  Empowerment  of  Women,  Urbanization  and  migration,  Life  skills,   Inclusive Education, Conceptual Clarification and Definition, Prevalence, Myths &Facts,  Characteristics,  Classification  &  Types,  Importance  of  Early  Identification and  assessment,  Planning  Inclusive  Education,  Classroom  Management  in Inclusive   Education,   Evaluation,   Documentation   and Record   Maintenance, Psycho-Social management, Awareness & Sensitization Strategies, Liberalization,  Privatization  and  Globalization,  Value  Education,  Sarva  Siksha Abhiyan,  National  Programme  for  Education  of        Girls  at  Elementary  Level (NPEGEL),   Mid-day-meals,   Rashtriya   Madhyamika   Siksha   Abhiyan(RMSA), KGBVs and SUCCESS Schools. 
4.  Acts  /  Rights:  Right  of  Children  to  Free  and  Compulsory  Education  Act,  2009, Right to Information Act, 2005, Child Rights, Human Rights  53
5.  National  Curriculum  Framework,  2005:  Perspective,  Learning  and  Knowledge, Curricular   Areas,   School   Stages   and   Assessment,   School   and   Classroom Environment, Systemic Reforms
Part - III
CONTENT  (Mathematics) (Marks: 44) 
1.  NUMBER  OF  SYSTEM:  Number  system  (N,W,Z,Q,R,)and their  properties,  diff. types of surds, Rationalization of mono, Binomial surds, extraction of square roots of real  numbers.  Complex  number  as  an  order  pair  of  real  numbers  and  their fundamental  operations,  representation  in  the  form of  a+ib  –conjugate  complex numbers,  Modules  and  amplitude  of  complex  numbers-illustrations,  geometrical representations  of  complex  numbers  in  Argand  plane-  Argand  diagram.  Prime  and composite  numbers,  types  of  primes  (co,  twin,  relative  etc.)  prime  factors,  multiple factors,  GCF,  LCM,  relation  bet.  GCD  &  LCM.  Modulus  of a  real number,  Absolute value 
2.  SETS  AND  RELATIONS:  Statements:  Consecutiveness,  Negation,  Disjunction, Conjunction,  Conditional,  Bi-conditions  (Bi-Implications),  algebra  of  statements, Quantifies ,Converse, Inverse and contra positive of  a conditional, proofs Direct and indirect  proofs  –  methods  of  disproof,  an  application  of  truths  tables  to  switching networks,  sets  –  proofs  of  some  laws  of  set  operations,  principle  of  duality,  a comparison   between   the   algebra   of   sets   and   statements,   Tautologies   and contradictions,    Concept  of  a  set:  Definition  ,Null  set,  equality  of  set,  cardinal number,  subset,  super  set,  Universal  set,  union,  intersection,  venn  diagrams, compliment,   Relations:  Ordered  pairs,  image,  pre-image,  range, injection,  surjection,  Bijection, finite  set  Cartesian  products,  Domain  and  range  of a  relations,  Inverse  relation, Types  of  relations,  Relations  and  functions.      Func
tions:  Types  of  functions- definitions,   Theorems   on   function,   Domain,   Range,   inverse   and   real   valued functions. Identity function, Constant function, Equal function, even and odd function, polynomial functions, Rational functions, Algebraic functions, Exponential functions, Logarithmic   functions,   Exponential   and   Logarithmic Series,   Greatest   Integer functions.  Composite  function,  and  its  property,  graphs  of  functions,  Compoundfunctions. Equations of functions Limits: Concept, and limits of a function. Continuity, Neighbourhoods. 
3.  COMMERCIAL   MATHEMATICS:   Ratio   and   proportion,   Rate,   Unitary   method, Percentages,   Trade   Discount,   Average,   Simple   interest,   Compound   interest, Partnership, Time and distance, Time and work, clocks and calendar problems. ALGEBRA:  Laws  of  exponents:  Laws  of  rational  indices,  Multiplication  and  division of polynomials, some special products, Factorization of Quadratic Expressions. Logarithms:    Definition,    simple    laws    of    logarithms, some    additional    laws, characteristic, Mantissa Exponents.  Algebra  of  expressions:  Square  roots,  Homogeneous,Symmetric  cyclic  expression and  Factorization,  symmetric  expressions,  cyclic  expressions,  quadratic  equations, reciprocal  equation,  relation  between  roots  and  coefficients,  nature  of  roots,  to  find the   quadratic   equation   whose   roots   are  given.   Remainder   theorem,   Horner’smethod, trial and error method, finding multiple roots, graphical solutions.  Binomial  Theorem:  Standard  binomial  expansion,  theorem,  integral  part,  fractional part,  numerically  greater  terms,  largest          problems,  approximation  using  Binomial theorem.    Mathematical  induction:  principles  of  mathematical induction  and  theorems  and  its applications, problems on divisibility.  
4.  LINEAR   EQUATIONS:   Linear   equations   in   two   variables:   System   of   linear equations,  Simultaneous  equation  in  two  variables, Dependant  equations,  Linear  equations   and   their   graphs,   Linear   functions   ,   System   of   equations,   linear programming-problems   (LPP).   The  fundamental   theorem,   graphical   method   of solving an LPP, a closed converse polygon, general graphical methods – application of LPP. In-equations:  Linear  in-equations  and  their  graphs,  System  of  in-equations.  Linear equations in two variables, System of linear equations, simultaneous equation in two variables  Dependant equations, linear equations and their graphs, linear functions, system of equations, System of two points, which is not parallel to X-axis, Midpoint of  the  segment  following  A(x1,y1),  B(x2,y2)  equation  of  a  line  passing  through  theorigin  having  slope  m,  The  slope  intercept  form  of a  line,  the  point  slope  form  of  a line, the intercept form of a line, the two point form of a line, linear in-equations, their graphs,   system of linear in-equations. Rational  integral  of  x,  remainder  theorem,  Horner’s  method  of  syntheticdivision,  problems  leading  to  quadratic  equations, graphical  solutions  of  quadratic, Quadratic inequalities in one variable, solution of quadratic in-equations the principle of  mathematical induction , The binomial theorem, Pascal triangle. Quadratic   expressions,   equations   in   one   vari
able,   sign   of   quadratic expressions,  changes  in  signs  and  maximum  and  minimum  values,  quadratic  in-equations,  relation  between  the  roots  and  the  coefficient  in  an  equation,  remainder theorem, connecting problems, solving an equation when two or more of its roots are connected  by  Cartesian  relations,  Horner’s  method  of  synthetic  division,  trial  and error method, Procedure to find multiple roots.
5.  GEOMETRY     
Structure of geometry, axioms, Historical background, Basic axioms, Parallel line, theorems,  triangles  and  polygons,  angles  of  a  polygons,  theorems  based  on, Polygon  congruence  of  triangle  SAS,  ASA,  SSA,  axioms,  Parallelogram  and  its properties,  Triangles,    Particular  types,  geometric  inequalities  in  a  triangles  some theorem,  circles  and  concurrent  lines  in  triangles,  Theorems  based  on  circles, Concurrent lines in a triangle, Median, Altitudes of a triangle, line of symmetry, axis of symmetry, point symmetry, image of an angle.     Quadrilaterals, example of different Quadrilaterals, Parallel lines and triangles, theorems,  intercept,  Theorems,  locus,  points  equidistant  from  two  given  points. Theorems,  an  concurrency,  attitude,  circum  centre, ortho  centre,  centroid,  Areas, polygonal  region,  Area  axiom,  congruent  axiom,  area  monotonic  axiom,  area  of parallelogram theorem, Area  of Triangle, Theorem based quit, circles are of a circle, semi circle, segment of a circle, Congruence of a circle, Theorems based on circle. Similar  polygons,  similar  triangle  and  their  propertis,  Basic  proportionality theorem,  vertical  angle  bisection  theorem,  Similar Triangle,  AAA  similarity,  SSA, SAS  similarities  Pythagoras  theorem,  Tangents  to  a circle,  different  properties  of  a tangent to a circle, segments of a chord, Common tangents to two circles.  GEOMETRICAL CONSTRUCTIONS
Construction of triangles, constructions involving concurrence lines, triangles and circles,  harder  cases,  Geometrical  constructions  involving  circles  and  tangents  and triangles and quadrilaterals.   
6.  MENSURATION     
Square, rectangle, triangle, Quadrilateral, Circle, Ring (Annulus), Sector.        Prism, total surface area of right prism, volume of a prism, Volume of a cube,Cuboids,  The  right  pyramid,  Cylinder,  Hollow  cylinder,  Cylindrical  shell,  ratio’s  of cylinders,  cone,  Hollow  cone,  solid  cone,  Curved  surface  area,  total  surface  area, volume of a right circular cone, Sphere: Surface area of a sphere, total surface area of a hemisphere, Volume of a sphere, Hollow hemisphere. 
7.  MATRICES 
Matrix  Definition,  Order  of  a  matrix,  Types  of  matrices,  Equality  of  two  matrices, Addition, Subtraction, multiplication of matrix, Product of two matrices, properties of products of matrices, transpose of matrix, properties, skew symmetric matrix, Adjoint and   inverse   of   a   matrix,   simultaneous   linear   equations,   types   of   system   of simultaneous      linear  equations,  consistency  and  inconsistency  of  Simultaneous equation. .   Multiplicative  inverse  of  a  square  matrix,  singular  and  non  singular  matrix, solution of a system of linear equations in two variable using matrices determinants,properties  of  determinants,  Matrix  inverse  method  and    Cramer’s  ,  Inversion  and Gauss Jordan method and Solving Equations        Triangle matrices, properties of addition of matrices, sector multiple of a matrix 
8.  STATISTICS 
Cumulative  frequency  distribution,  LCFD,  GCFD,  Frequency  graphs,  lesser  then frequency distribution, Greater than frequency distribution.  Central  Tendency:  means  of  the  ungrouped  data,  Weighted  AM,  means  grouped data, Merit and demerits of AM, Medians from ungrouped and grouped data, mode of ungrouped and grouped data, Empirical relation among mean, Median and mode. Probability:   Random  Experiments   and   Events,   Definition,  Axiomatic  Approach, Independent   and   Dependent   Events,   Conditional   Probability,   Bayes   Theorem, random variables , theoretical distributions. 
9.  COMPUTING           
    Introduction  to  computers,  Historic  development  of  computers,  Structure  of  a computer,  working  characteristics  of  Computers,  Problem  solving,  flow  charts  and their representation, Operations box, Data box, Decision box, loops, Algorithm, Flow diagram using boxes for mechanics.  
10. PROGRESSIONS 
Progressions:  Common  difference,  nth  term,  sum  of  the  first  nth  terms  Arithmetic, Geometric   and   Harmonic   Progressions   and   problems.   AM,   GM,   HM   and   its Problems. 
11. TRIGONOMETRY 
Unit  of  measurement  of  angles:  Radian  measure,  relation  between  radian  and degrees,  6  Trigonometric  ratios  and  transformations,  behavior  of  trigonometric functions, Trigonometric functions of complementary angles, trigonometrically tables. Inverse   trigonometric   functions,   Hyperbolic   Functions,   Properties   of   Triangles, graphs  and  periodicity,  Trigonometric  ratios  of  compound  angles,  Trigonometric ratios   of   multiple   and   sub   multiple   angles,   Angle   of   elevation   and   angle   of depression, heights and distance. Trigonometric Expansions.        
12. ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY 
Distance  between  two  points,  Division  of  a  segment internally  and  externally  in  a given ratio, slope, Area of triangle, The Straight Line; Pairs of St Lines.  LOCUS, Transformation of Axes.   Three   Dimensional   Geometry:   Co-ordinates;   Direction   Cosines   and   Ratios; Cartesian  equation  of  a  plane.  Circles  and  System  of  Circles,  Parabola,  Ellipse, Hyperbola and polar coordinates.

Content (PHYSICAL SCIENCES ) Marks 44

 1.  MEASUREMENT,  UNITS  AND  DIMENSIONS:  Systems  of  Measurement, Units   of   Measurements,  Measurement  of   Length,   Triangulation   Method, Measuring Instruments, Vernier calipers, Screw Gauge Measurement of Area, Volume,  Time,  Measurement  of  Mass  and  Density,  Measuring  instruments. Units and Dimensions Fundamental and derived physical quantities, Systems of  units,  Multiples  and  submultiples  of  SI  units.  Dimensions  Dimensional formulae     and     dimensional     equations,     dimensional     constants     and dimensionless quantities, principle of homogeneity of dimensions. Application of  dimensional  method  of  analysis.    Conversion  of  one  system  of  units  into another, derivation of relationship between different physical quantities. 
2.  NATURAL   RESOURCES   AIR   AND   WATER:   Air,   Composition   of   air, Measurement    of    Atmospheric    Pressure,        Air    Pollution,    Volumetric Composition of Water, Hardness of Water, Drinking Water and Supply Water Pollution,   Cyclone,   Pascal’s   Law,   Archimedes’   Principle,   Boyle’s   Law, Bernoulli’s Principle, Wind, Rainfall.
3.  OUR  UNIVERSE:  Constellations,  Zodiac,  Solar  System,    Stars,  Meteors  and Comets, Light year, Life on the Planet – Earth.
4.  NATURAL PHENOMENA
A.  Light  -  Sources  &  Nature  of  Light,  Propagation  of  Light,  Reflection, Refraction,  Laws  of  Reflection,  Image  formed  by  Plane  Mirror,  Reflection  on Spherical  Mirrors,  Refraction  of  Light  through  Prism  and  lenses  (convex, concave),  camera  and  the  human  eye,  Refractive  index  of  material  of  prism, critical  angle,  Total  Internal  Reflection  –  Relation  between  Critical  angle  and Refractive Index, application of total internal reflection to Optical fibers. visual photometry, LASERS. Newton’s Corpuscular Theory, Huygens’ Wave Theory, Electromagnetic  spectrum.  Huygens’  Explanation  of  Reflection,  Refraction, interference  and  diffraction  of  plane  waves  at  a  plane  surface,  Optical Instruments-Microscope, Telescope, Formula for magnification of microscope, Astronomical and Terrestrial Telescopes.
B.  Sound-Wave  motion  :Wave  Motion,  Longitudinal  and  transverse  waves, Equation   for   a   progressive   wave,   principle   of   superposition   of   waves, reflection   of   waves,   Formation   of   waves   on   stretched   string.   Sound   - Propagation  of  sound,    Musical  Instruments,  Velocity  of  Sound  in  Gases, Solids  &  Liquids,  Progressive  &  stationary  waves,  Characteristics  of  sound.   Forced  Vibrations,  Natural  Vibrations  –  Resonance  with  examples,  standing waves in Organ Pipes, Open Pipes, Closed Pipes. Sound Reflection, Echoes, Absorption    of    sound    waves,    Reverberation    –    Reverberation    Time. Fundamentals of building Acoustics, Sound Pollution.
C.  Heat  -  Sources  of  Heat,  Transmission  of  Heat,  Heat  and  Temperature  its Units,  Measurement  of  Temperature,  Fahrenheit  and  Centigrade  scales, Different  types  of  thermometers,  Effects  of  Heat  Expansion  of  solids,  liquids, gaseus,  Change  of  state,  Calorimetry  –  specific  heat  of  solids  and  liquids, calorific  values  of  fuels,  latent  heat  of  fusion  and  latent  heat  of  vaporization, Change  of  density  with  temperature,  Examples  in  daily  life.  Expansion  of liquids-coefficients of real and apparent expansion of liquids. Determination of coefficient  of  apparent  expansion  of  liquid  by  specific  gravity  bottle  method. Anomalous  expansion  of  water,  its  significance  in  nature.  Expansion  of Gases-Volume   and   pressure   coefficients   of   gases.   Kelvin   scale   of temperature,  Boyle’s  and  Charle’s  laws.  Ideal  gas  equation.  Heat  capacity, specific  heat,  experimental  determination  of  specific  heat  by  method  of mixtures.  Specific  heat  of  gas  (Cp  and  Cv),  External  work  done  by  a  gas during  its  expansion.  Relation  between  Cp  and  Cv  (derivation)  Latent  heat, Determination of latent heat of vaporization of water.
5.  KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS 
Kinematics:   Motion-Types   of   Motion,   Speed,   Velocity,   Velocity-time  and position-time   graphs,   Scalars  and   Vectors,   laws   of addition  of  vectors, subtraction  of  vectors.  Acceleration,  Newton’s      law’s  of  Motion,  Newtons Universal  Gravitation,  Centre  of  Gravity,  Stability,  Applications,  Equations  of Motion,  Motion  of  a  body  under  gravity  –  Acceleration  due  to  Gravity  “g”, Equations  of  Motion  for  a  freely  falling  body,  Equations  of  Motion  for  a  body thrown  upwards. Equations,  applications  and  problems.    DYNAMICS  - Work, Power,  Energy,  Conservation  of  Energy   and  Transformation  of  Energy, Renewable   and   Non-Renewable   sources   of   Energy,   Impulse,   Law   of conservation of linear momentum, Potential Energy (PE), Kinetic Energy (KE). Relation between KE and Linear momentum. Circular Motion, uniform circular motion,  angular  displacement,  angular  velocity,  and  angular  acceleration, relationship  between  linear  velocity  and  angular  velocity,  centripetal  and centrifugal force, torque, couple, vector representation of torques,  Banking of Roads  &  Rail  Tracks,    Simple  Harmonic  Motion,  Simple  Pendulum,  Law  of conservation  of  energy  in  case  of  a  simple  pendulum.  Elasticity  -  Elasticity and  plasticity,  stress  and  strain,  Hooke’s  law,  Moduli  of  elasticity.  Fluid Mechanics  Laws  of  loatation,  Principle  of  Buoyancy,  pressure  in  a  fluid. Stream  line  flow  Bernoulli’s  theorem  and  its  applications.    Simple  Machines and  Moments  Moment  of  a  Force,  Wheel  and  Axle,  Screw  Jack,  Gears, Friction,  Causes  of  friction,  advantages  of  friction,  disadvantages  of  friction, methods of reducing friction.
6.  MAGNETISM  -    Natural  and  Artificial  Magnets,  Properties  of  Magnets, Magnetic  Induction.  Terrestrial  magnetism,  Magnetic  field  around  a  magnet, elements  of  terrestrial  magnetism,  Theory  of  Magnetism,  Inverse  square  of magnetism, Magnetic field due to a bar magnet, Mapping of magnetic lines of force  due  to  a  bar  magnet  :  neutral  points,  magnetic  properties  of  materials. Coulomb’s  Inverse  Square  Law,  Definition  of  Magnetic  Field,  Magnetic  Lines of  Force,  Uniform  and  Non-Uniform  Magnetic  Fields. Couple  acting  on  a  bar magnet placed  in  a  uniform magnetic field,  Definition  of magnetic  moment of magnet. Magnetic Induction due to a bar magnet on axial and equatorial lines. Types  of  magnetic  material,  Para,  Dia,  and  Ferro  magnetism,  Definition  and properties.
7.  ELECTRICITY
Electrostatics - Electrification by friction, Charges, Coulomb’s Law: Permittivity of  Free  Space  and  Medium,  Electric  Field  –  Electric  lines  of  force,  their properties   –   Electric   intensity,   Electrostatic   Potential,   Relation   between electrostatic  potential  and  electric  intensity.  Capacitance  and  capacitors, Dielectric  constant,  Condenser,  its  uses  –Dielectric  Strength  –  Effect  of dielectric  on  capacitance  of  capacitors.  Current  electricity  -  Primary  Cells- Series  and  Parallel  connection-Electric  circuits,  Electrical  Resistance,  Ohm’s Law   and   its   verification,   Ohmic   and   Non   Ohmic   elements,   Resistance Resistances in Series and Parallel, Heating Effects of Electric Current- Joule’s Law,  Faraday’s  Laws  of  Electrolysis,  Magnetic  Effects  of  Electric  Current, Principle  and  Working  of  an  Electric  Motor,  Electro  –  Magnetic  Induction. Electric  current  –  Flow  of  Electric  charges  in  a  metallic  conductor  –  Drift velocity  and  mobility  –  Relation  between  electric  current  and  drift  velocity, Conductance, Electrical Energy – Power.
8.  ELECTROMAGNETISM   -   Electromagnetic   Waves,   Spectrum   Oersted’s Experiment,    Ampere’s  Law,  Magnetic  field  near  a  long  straight  wire  and magnetic field at the Center of a circular coil carrying current, Field on the axis of circular coil carrying current, Force on a moving charge in a magnetic field –  Force  on  a  current  carrying  conductor  placed  in  a  magnetic  field.  Force between  two  long  straight  parallel  conductors  carrying  current,  Definition  of Ampere.  Fleming’s  Left  Hand  Rule.  Current  loop  as  magnetic  dipole,  force and  Torque  on  Current  loop  in  an  uniform  magnetic  field,  magnetic  dipole moment  of  a  revolving  electron.  Electromagnetic  induction,  Magnetic  Flux, Induced  EMF,  Faraday’s  and  Lenz’s  Law.  Fleming’s  Right  Hand  Rule,  Self Inductance, Mutual Inductance, Principle of Transformer.
9.  MODERN PHYSICS:
Atomic  physics  -  Discharge  of  Electricity  through  gases,  X-rays.  Atomic structure,   atomic   number,   atomic   mass   and   mass   defect,   radioactivity, artificial transmutation. Discovery of electron – E/M of electron by Thomson’s method.  X-Rays-  Production  of  X-Rays  –  Coolidge  tube.    Nuclear  physics  - Composition  and  size  of  nucleus,  mass  defect  and  binding  energy  and  their relation.      Radio   Activity-   Artificial   Transmutation of   elements,   Nuclear Radiation Hazards, Protective shielding. Nuclear Fusion – Energy of sun and stars.  Semi  conductor  devices  -  Band  theory  of  solids,  Intrinsic  and  Extrinsic Semiconductors,  Junction  Diodes  and  Transistors,  Properties  and  Uses, Basic  Principles  of  Working  Intrinsic  and  Extrinsic  semi  conductors  (n  and  p type).Junction  diode  –  p–n  junction,  depletion  layer  and  barrier  potential, Forward and Reverse bias, Transistor Function of Emitter, base and Collector, p-n-p and n-p-n Transistors.
10. COMMUNICATION    SYSTEMS:    Computer-Parts    of    Computer-Uses    of Computer, Telephone, Wireless System-Radio Broad Casting, Recording and Reproduction  of  Sound,  Cine  projector,  Elements  of communication  systems (block diagrams only), Television, Bandwidth of signals (speech TV and digital data)  bandwidth  of  Transmission  medium  –  Propagation  of  electromagnetic waves  in  the  atmosphere  sky  and  apace  wave  propagation.  Modulation  – Need for modulation.
11. States  of  Mater  -  Gases  and  Liquids:  Measurable  Properties  of  Gases,  Gas Laws,   Graham’s   law   of   diffusion   –   Daltons   law   of   partial   pressures, Avagadro’s law, Ideal behavior, empirical derivation of gas equation, ideal gas equation,   Kinetic   molecular   theory   of   gases,   Kinetic   gas   equation   (No derivation) – deduction of gas laws.
12. Atomic   Structure:   Matter   –   Its   Structure,   Cathode   Rays,   Canal   Rays, Discovery of Neutron, Atomic Models – Arrangement of Sub Atomic Particles, Rutherford’s  model  of atom  and  its drawbacks,  Bohr’s  model  of  atom and  its limitations,  Sommerfeld’s  elliptical  model,  Sub  Energy  Levels  –  Quantum Numbers,  Atomic Orbitals, Relative energies of the atomic orbitals, Electronic configuration  of  Atoms,  Some  Physical   Quantities   of  Atoms,   Nature  of Electromagnetic  Radiation,  Planck’s  Quantum  theory.Explanation  of  Photo electric   effect.   Features   of   Atomic   pectra.Characteristics   of   Hydrogen Spectrum.  Bohr’s  explanation  of  Spectral  Lines,  Wave-particle  nature  of electron,   De   Brogile’s   hypothesis,   Heisenberg’s   uncertainity   principle, Important  feature  of  the  quantum  mechanical  model  of  an  atom,  Electronic configurations of atoms  – Explanation  of  stabilityof half filled  and completely filled orbitals.
13. Classification   of   Elements   And   Periodicity   in   Poperties:   Symbols   and formulae,   Radicals   and   their   formulae,   Chemical   equation,   Meaning, Calculations  based  on  equations  and  relationship  of  reactants  and  products by  weights,  Classification  of  Elements,  The  Periodic  Law,  Modern  Periodic Table,   The   significance   of   atomic   number   and   electronic   configuration, Classification of elements into s, p, d, f blocks and their characteristics, Period trends  in  physical  and  chemical  properties  of  elements,  Periodic  trends  of elements  with  respect  to  atomic  radii,  ionic  radii,  inert  gas  radii,  ionization energy,  electron  gain  energy,  electro  negativity,  Valency,  Variation  of  atomic radii in inner transition elements.  Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals Alkaline   Earth   Metals,   Electronic   configuration,   occurrence,   Trends   in properties   of   alkaline  earth  metals,   Reactions   of   alkaline  earth   metals, General   methods   of   preparation   of   Alkaline   Earth   Metals,   Anomalous properties of the first element in each group, Diagonal relationship.  Trends in properties  like  ionization,  enthalpy,  atomic  and  ionic  radii,  reactivity  with oxygen,  hydrogen,  halogens  and  water,  uses,  Preparation  and  properties  of some important compounds by different methods: Sodium hydroxide, Salts of oxo  acids,  Sodium  carbonate  and  Sodium  hydrogen  carbonate,  Sodium chloride,  Biological  importance  of  sodium  and  potassium,  Cao,  CaCo3  and CaSo4 preparation and uses, Industrial uses of lime and lime stone, Biological importance of Mg and Ca  P-Block Elements; Group 15 Elements (VA)    Occurrence   –   physical   states   of   Nitrogen   and   Phosphorous,   allotropy, catenation,   capacity,   electronic   configuration,   oxidation   states,   General Characteristics  of  Hydrides,  Structure  of hydrides,  General  Characteristics  of Oxides, General Characteristics of Halides, Oxoacids of Nitrogen, Oxoacids of Phosphorous,   Preparation   and   uses   of   Nitric   acid   and   Ammonia   , Superphosphate  of  lime.Group  16  Elements:  Group  (VI  A)  Elements)  : Extraction  of  Sulphur,  Allotropic  forms  of  Sulphur,  Physical  and  Chemical properties  of  Sulphur,  Uses  of  Sulphur,  Preparation  of  Sulphur  dioxide, Manufacture of Sulphuric acid, Properties of Sulphuric acid, Sulphuric acid as oxidizing   and   dehydrating   agent,   Laboratory   preparation   of   Hydrogen Sulphide,    Properties    of    Hydrogen    Sulphide,    Occurrence,    electronic configuration,  oxidation  states,  Physical  states  of  oxygen  and  sulphur  and their  structure,  allotropy,  General  characteristics  of  hydrides,  oxides  and halides,   Structural   aspects   of   oxy-acids   of   halogens,   Ozone,   uses   of ozone. Sodium    thiosulphate,    Sulphuric    acid    –    industrial    process    of manufacture.  Group  17  Elements  :  (Group  VII  A  Elements)  :  Occurrence, electronic configuration and oxidation states, Physical states of halogens, I.P. Values,  electro-negativity  and  electron  affinity,  bond  energies,  chemicals reactivity,  oxidizing  power  of  chlorine,  Structural  aspects  of  oxy  acids  of chlorine,  Preparation,  properties and  uses  of  chlorine  and  bleaching  powder.  Hydrogen  and  its  Compounds  -  Volumetric  composition  of  water,  Industrial and  other  uses  of  water,  Laboratory  preparation,  Properties  and  Uses  of Hydrogen including as a fuel, Laboratory preparation, Properties and Uses of Oxygen,  Position  of  hydrogen  in  the  periodic  table,  Occurrence,  isotopes  of hydrogen,  Reactions  of  Hydrogen  with  different  types  of  elements  leading  to ionic,  molecular  hydrides,  Physical  and  Chemical  properties  of  water  and heavy water.
14. Chemical Bonding and Molecular StructureTypes  of   Bonds,   Inter   Molecular   Attractions,   Energy   changes   during   a chemical reaction, Exotherimic and Endothermic Relations, ionic bond, energy changes  in  ionic  bond  formation,  Properties  of  ionic  Compounds,  Covalent Bond,  Multiple  Covalent  Bonds,  Shapes  of  some  molecules.  VSEPR  theory, The  valence  bond  approach  for  the  formation  of  covalent  bonds,  Directional nature  of  covalent  bond,  Properties  of  covalent  bon
d,  Different  types  of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and draw shapes of simple covalent molecules,  Definition of  coordinate  covalent bond  w
ith  examples, Description of  molecular  orbital  theory  of  homo  nuclear  diatomic  molecules,  Bonding, antibonding molecular orbitals, σ, π bond orbitals,
 their symmetry.
15. Chemical Kinetics, Energitics, Chemical Calculations And Stoichiometry   Chemical   combination,   Chemical   decomposition,   Chemical   displacement, Chemical   Double   decomposition,   Slow   and   Fast   reactions,   Rate   of   a Reaction,  Factors  affecting  the  reaction  rate,    Reversible  and  Irreversible Reactions,  Law  of  conservation  of  mass,  Law  of  definite  proportions,  Law  of multiple  proportions,  Rate  law,  units  of  rate  constant,  Collision  theory  of reaction    rates    (elementary    ideas),    concepts    of    activation    energy. Stoichiometry  - Meaning  of  Chemical  Equations, Thermochemical  Equations, Problems Based on Equations, Laws of chemical combination, principles and examples,   Molar   mass,   concept   of   equivalent   weight with   examples, Percentage  composition  of  compounds  and  calculations  of  empirical  and molecular  formula  of  compounds,  Oxidation  number  concept,  Balancing  of redox reactions by ion electron method and oxidation number method, Types of  redox  reactions,  Applications  of  redox  reactions  in  titrimetric  quantitative analysis  and  redox  reactions  in  electrode  process, Numerical  calculations based   on   equations.   Equilibrium   -   Differences   between   Physical   and Chemical  change,  Equilibrium  in  physical  and  chemical  process,  Dynamic nature  of  equilibrium,  law  of  mass  action,  Equilibrium  Constant,  Factors affecting equilibrium. 
16. Solutions, Acids And Bases    Solutions,  Types,  Solubility  and  Factors  affecting concentration  of  solutions, Ionization  of  Substances  in  Water,  Classification  of  solutions  –  Methods  of expressing  concentration  of  solutions  –  Molarity,  Normality,  Molality,  Mole Fraction,  Preparation  of  Acids  and  Bases,  General  properties  of  Acids  an Bases,  Arrhenius  Theory,  The  Strengths  of  Acids  and  Bases,  Neutralisation and  Heat  of  Neutralisation,  Ionization  of  acids  and  bases,  strong  and  weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionic product of water, Concept of pH.,  pH of   some   common   fluids,   Common   Salt,   Electrolysis   of   brine,   Chlorine, Properties of Chlorine, Uses of Chlorine, Hydrogen Chloride
17. Chemistry of Carbon Compounds   Allotropic  forms  of  Carbon,  Oxides  of  Carbon,  Uniqueness  of  Carbon  and Source  of  Carbon  Compounds,  Anomalous  behavior  of  first  element  namely Carbon, Carbon-catenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties and uses, Fuel gases – producer gas and water gas manufacture and uses.  Hydrocarbons    -Classification    :    Alkanes    –    Nomenclature,    isomerism, conformations,   Methods   of   preparation   of   ethane,   Physical   properties, chemical   reactions   including   free   radical   mechanism   of   Halogenation,combustion and Pyrolysis of Ethane, Cycloalkines, preparation and properties of cyclohexane.  Alkenes – Nomenclature, structure of double bond (Ethene),
Geometrical   isomerism,   physical   properties,   Methods   of   preparation   of ethylene,  Physical  properties,  chemical  reactions  :  Addition  of  hydrogen, halogen,  Water,  Hydrogen  halides  (Markownikoff’s  addition  and  Peroxide Effect), Ozonolysis, Oxidation, Mechanism of Electrophilic addition. Alkynes – Nomenclature,  Structure  of  triple  bond,  Methods  of preparation  of  acetylene, Physical   properties,   Chemical   reactions:   Acidic   character   of   acetylene, addition   reaction   of   hydrogens,   halogens,   hydrogen halides   and   water. Aromatic   hydrocarbons   -   Introduction,   IUPAC   nomenclature;   Benzene; Resonance,  Aromaticity,  Chemical  properties  :  Mechanism  of  electrophilic substitution  –  Nitration,  Sulphonation,  Halogenation,  Friedel  Craft’s  alkylation and  acylation;  directive  influence  of  functional  group  in  mono-substituted benzenes; carcinogenicity and Toxicity.
18. Carbohydrates, Proteins, Vitamins & Lipids  Carbohydrates,    Manufacture    of    Cane-sugar,    Manufacture    of    Alcohol,  Classification    (aldoses    and    ketoses),    Monosaccharides    (glucose    and fructose),   Oligosaccharides   (sucrose,   lactose,   maltose),   Polysaccharides (starch   Cellulose,   Glycogen   –   Preparation,   properties   and   structure, Importance.  Proteins  -    Elementary    idea  of  amino  acids,  peptide  bond,  Poly peptides,  Proteins,  Primary  Structure,  secondary  structure,  Tertiary  structure and  quaternary  structure  (qualitative  ideas  only), De-naturation  of  proteins,enzymes.   Vitamins   -   Classification,   Functions   in   biosystems.   Lipids   - Classification, structural features, Functions in biosystems. 
19. Chemistry & Industry Uses of Oils and Fats, Hydrogenation of Oils, Manufacture of Soap, Portland Cement,   Glass   Industry,   Plastics,   Adhesives   and   Man-made   Fibres,Cosmetics,  Dyes,  Drugs  and  Pharmaceuticals,  Petroleum  Industry,  Common Fertilizers, Classification of polymers, Addition, condensation, copolymerization,  Natural  rubber,  vulcanization  of rubber,  synthetic  rubber Molecular  weights  of  polymers  –  number  average  and weight  average,
molecular  weights  –  definitions  only,  Bio-Polymers,  bio-degradable  polymers Some  commercially  important  polymers  like  polythene,  nylon,  polyesters  and Bakelite.
20. General Principles Of Metallurgy  Occurrence   and   Relative   Abundance   of   metals   in   earth’s   crust,   The Metallurgy  of  Iron  &    Extraction,  Protection  of  Metals  and  Prevention  of Corrosion, Principles and methods of extraction – concentration, reduction by chemical and electrolytic methods and refining
21. Environmental Chemistry Pollution: Air, Water and Soil Pollution, Oxides of Carbon, Carbon Monoxide, Oxides  of  nitrogen  and  Sulphur,  Chlorofluro  carbons,  Chemical  reactions  in atmosphere,  smogs,  major  atmospheric  pollutants,  acid  rain,  Ozone  and  its reactions,  effects  of  depletion  of  ozone  layer,  Green  house  effect  and  global warming, Pollution due to industrial wastes, Green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution with two examples.

Contenet (BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE ) Marks 44
1.  Biological  Sciences:  Its  importance  and  human  welfare,  Branches  of  Biology, Biologists, Reputed Biological Institutions in India 
2.  Living World: Life and its Characteristics, Classification of Living Organisms 
3.  Microbial  World:   Virus,   Bacteria,  Algae,  Fungi   and   Protozoan,   Useful   and Harmful Micro-organisms 
4.  Cell  &  Tissues:  Cell  -  Structural  and  Functional  unit  of  life.    Prokaryotic  and Eukaryotic   Cell,   Structure   of   Eukaryotic   Cell,   Cell   Organelles,   Differences between Plant Cell and Animal Cell, Cell Division – Mitosis and Meiosis, Tissues – Structure, Functions and Types of Plant and Animal tissues. 
5.  Plant  World  :  Morphology  of  a  Typical  Plant  –  Root,  Stem,  Leaf,  Flower, Inflorescence,  Fruit  -  their  Structure,  Types  and  Functions,  Parts  of  a  Flower, Modifications    of    Root,    Stem    and    Leaf,    Photosynthesis,    Transpiration, Transportation  (Ascent  of  Sap),  Respiration,  Excretion  and  Reproduction  in Plants,  Plant  Hormones,  Economic  importance  of  Plants,  Wild  and  Cultivated Plants,    Agricultural    Operations,    Crop    diseases    and Control    measures, Improvement  in  Crop  yield,  Storage,  Preservation  and  Protection  of  Food  and Plant Products 
6.  Animal World:   Organs and Organ Systems including man – Their Structure and Functions  Digestive,  Respiratory,  Circulatory,  Excretory,  Nervous,  Control  and Coordination and Reproductive, Sense Organs:  Structure and Functions of Eye, Ear,  Nose,  Tongue  and  Skin.  Nutrition  in  man  –  Nutrients  and  their  functions, Balanced Diet, Deficiency diseases, Tropical diseases, Skin diseases, Blindness in  man:  Causes,  Prevention  and  Control,  Health  agencies,  First  Aid  –  Bites: Insect,   Scorpion   and   Snakes,   Fractures,   Accidents, Life   skills,   Wild   and Domesticated  animals,  Economic  Importance  of  Animals,  Animal  Husbandry  – Pisciculture, Sericulture, Poultry, Breeding of Cows and Buffaloes, Heredity. 
7.  Our Environment : Abiotic and Biotic factors and Ecosystems, Natural Resources –  Classification,  Judicial  use  of  Renewable,  Non-renewable  and  Alternative Resources,  Wild  Life  -  Conservation,  Sanctuaries,  National  Parks  in  India,  Bio-Geochemical   Cycles,   Pollution   –   Air,   Water,   Soil   and   Sound         Global Environmental  issues  –  Global  Warming  (Green  House Effect),  Acid  Rains  and Depletion of Ozone layer, Food Chain
8.  World  of  Energy:  Work  and  Energy,  Energy  transformation,  Need  for  Energy  in living  organisms,  Basal  Metabolic  Rate  (BMR),  Energy  relations  in  Ecosystems, Bio-mass and Bio-fuels, Non-Conventional Energy sources
CONTENT (Social Studies) (Marks: 44) 

GEOGRAPHY 
1.  Maps:  reading  analysis,  different  kinds,  and  making  of  maps-  Globe  as  the model of earth.
2.  The Solar System and the Earth: Origin and Evolution of the Solar System – Galaxy  –  The  Earth  as  member  of  the  Solar  System,  Origin  of  the  Earth, Rotation and Revolution of the Earth and its effects, Latitudes and Longitudes – Standard Time and International Date Line. 
3.  The  Earth:  Interior  of  the  Earth  –  Structure,  Temperature,  Pressure  and Density  of  the  Earth’s  interior,  Major  Rock  types  and  their  characteristics (Igneous Rocks, Sedimentary Rocks and Metamorphic Rocks) 
4.  Major   Landforms:   Mountains,   Plateaus   and   Plains,   Classification   and distribution   of   Mountains   in   the   World,   Geomorphic process:   Rock   – Weathering, Mass wasting, Erosion and deposition, Origin and distribution of Plateaus  in  the  World,  Classification  of  Plains,  Formation  and  types  of  Soils and its distribution in the World. 
5.  Climatology   (Weather   and   Climate):   Atmosphere   – Composition   and Structure,  Insolation  –  Factors  influencing  Insolation,  Temperature  –  Factors Controlling   Temperature,   Distribution   of   Temperature   and   Inversion   of Temperature,   Pressure   –   Global   Pressure   Belts,   Winds   –   Planetary, Seasonal, Local, Humidity and Precipitation – Rain : Types and Distribution of Rainfall, Weather Reports 
6.  Volcanoes: Types and Distribution of Volcanoes in the World. 
7.  Earthquakes: Causes and Effects of Earthquakes, Distribution of Earthquakes 
8.  Natural  Realms  of  the  Earth:  Lithosphere,  Hydrosphere,  Atmosphere  and Biosphere.
9.  Ground  water:  Tanks,  building  of  tanks  –  decline  of  tanks  and  fishing  in tanks.-  ground  water  level  or  water  table  –  rocks  and  ground  water  in telangana-  recharging  of  ground  water  –  quality  of ground  water  and  use  of ground water.
10. Forests: description and distribution- status of forests in telangana- tribal use of  forests-forest  products-  economic  importance  and  trade-  deforestation- forest conservation- (social forestry) –forest rights Act
11. Major Natural Regions of the World: The Equatorial Region, The Tropical Hot Deserts  Region,  The  Savannas  or  the  Tropical  Grasslands  Region,  The Temperate   Grasslands   Region   (Steppes),   The   Monsoon Lands,   The Mediterranean Region, The Taiga Region and The Tundra Region 
12. Continents:  Asia,  Africa,  Europe,  North  America,  South  America,  Australia and  Antarctica  –  with  reference  to  Location  and  Extent,  Physical  features, Climate,  Natural  Vegetation  and  Wild  life,  Population,  Agriculture,  Minerals and Industries, Transportation and Trade. 
13. World  Population:  Population  Growth  and  Density,  Factors  influencing  the distribution  of  World  Population,  Population  distribution  patterns,  Population problems in developing and developed countries 
14. Geography of India and Telangana. : Location and Extent, Physical features - Relief  and  Drainage,  Climate,  Natural  Vegetation,  Soils,  Irrigation,  Power, Population,  Minerals  and  Industries,  Transport  and Communication,  Sea Ports and Towns, International Trade, Places of Interest 
 HISTORY 
1.  Study of the Past: Pre-historic Age, Proto-historic Age, Historic Age 
2.  Bronze Age Civilization 
3.  Early Iron Age Societies: Impact of Iron Age and the Growth of Civilization, Early Iron  Civilization  in  India,  The  Ancient  Chinese  Civilization,  Persian  Civilization, Greek  Civilization,  Roman  Civilization,  Judaism  and  Christianity,  The  Early African Civilizations and the Early American Civilizations 
4.  The Medieval World: Main Features of Medieval Europe, Political Developments –  Feudalism,  The  Holy  Roman  Empire,  The  Rise  of  Islam  and  the  spread  of Islam, India in Medieval Ages, Asia in the Medieval times – China and Japan 
5.  Ancient  Indian  Civilization:  Indus  Valley  Civilization  (Harappan  Culture),  Aryan Civilization – Early Vedic and Later Vedic Civilization 
6.  Political and Religious Developments of 6th century B.C. 
7.  India B.C. 200 A.D. to 300 A.D: The Mauryas, Andhra Satavahanas, The Persian and Greek Invasions, Magadha, Sangam age, Kushans 
8.  India  from  300  A.D.  to  800  A.D:  The  Gupta  Empire,  The  Pushyabhuti  Dynasty (Harshavardhana) 
9.  Deccan  and  South  Indian  Kingdoms:  The  Chalukyas,  the  Pallavas,  the  Cholas, the Rashtrakutas, the Yadavas and the Kakatiyas  
10. The  Muslim  Invasions  in  India:  The  Condition  of  India  on  the  Eve  of  Arab Invasions, Turkish Invasions, Ghaznavids Raids and its results, Effects of Muslim Invasions 
11. Delhi  Sultanate:  The  Slaves,  The  Khiljis,  The  Tughlaqs,  The  Sayyids  and  the Lodis,  Downfall  of  Delhi  Sultanate,  Sufi  Movement  and  Bhakthi  Movement  and Influence of Islam on Indian Culture 
12. The  South  Indian  Kingdoms:  The  Kakatiyas,  The  Vijayanagara  Empire,  The Bahmani Kingdom 
13. Mughal  Empire  :  Conditions  of  India  on  the  eve of  Babur’s  Invasion,  Babur, Humayun,  Shershah, Akbar,  Jahangir,  Shahjahan,  Aurangajeb, The  reasons for the downfall of Mughal Empire, The rise of Marathas, History of the Sikhs 
14. Advent of Europeans: Portuguese, Dutch, French, English, Anglo-French Rivalry – Carnatic Wars, Establishment of British Empire in India, The first war of Indian Independence,  The  Governor  Generals  and  the  Viceroys,  The  Socio-Religious Movements  of  the  19th  Century  -  Brahma  Samaj,  AryaSamaj,  Rama  Krishna Mission,  Theosophical  Society,  Aligarh  Movement,  Satya  Sodhak  Samaj  (a) Movements among Muslims for Social Reforms 
15. Cultural  Heritage  of  India  and  Intellectual  Awakening:  Growth  and  Development of Early Cultures and Racial synthesis, Characteristic features of Indian History, Art  and  Architecture,  Development  of  Education  and Philosophy,  Cultural  Unity and Bhakthi Movement, Development of National Consciousness, Impact of Alien Cultures in India, Conquest of India by British and Impact of British Rule, impact of  colonialism  in  India,  Impact  of  English  Education,  Impact  of  Revolt  of  1857 A.D. 
16. India  between  1858  –  1947:  Political,  Economic and  Social  Policies  in  India, British  Policy  towards  Indian  Princess,  British  Policies  towards  neighbouring countries 
17. Changes  in  Economic  and  Social  sectors  during  the  British  period:  Agriculture, Famines in India between 1858 – 1947, Rise of New Classes in Indian Society 
18. Rise  of  Nationalism  –  Freedom  Movement:  Causes for  the  Rise  of  Nationalism, The  Birth  of  Indian  National  Congress,  The  Age  of  Moderates  and  the  Age  of Extremists,  Vandemataram  Movement  (Swadeshi  Movement  1905-11),  India during the First World war, Home Rule Movement, Mahatma Gandhi and Indian National   Movement,   Different   stages   of   Freedom   Movement,   Quit   India Movement, Mountbatten Plan, Integration of Princely States, Liberation of French and Portuguese Colonial possessions in India 
19. Independent  India  –  the  first  thirty  years  1947  –  1977-  First  General  Elections- Election Procedure- One party domination in political system- Demand for State Reorganization-  State  Re  organization  Act,  1956-  SRC-  State  are  organization commission-  social  and  Economic  change- Foreign  policy  and Wars-  anti-  Hindi agitation-   Green   Revolution-   Regional   Parties   and   Regional   Movements-Bangladesh war- Emergency.
20. Emerging  Political  Trends  (1977-2007)-  Return  of  Democracy  after  emergency- Electins  –  1977-  End  of  Emergency-  some  important  parties  of  1970s  BLD, Congress,  CPI(M),  DMK,  Jan  Sangh,  SAD-  Regional  party-  Telangana-  Assam movement- the Punjab Agitation- The new initiatives of Rajiv Gandhi Era- Rise of Communalism  and  Corruption  in  High  places-  the  Era of  coalition  politics- Mandal, Mandir, Market.
21. Post  –  War  World  and  India-  After  world  war-II-  UNO-  Cold  war  (1945-1991)- Proxy war- Military alliances- Arms and space race- NAM- West Asian Conflicts- Growth of Nationalism in middle east- Peace movements- Collapse of the USSR.
22. Social  Movements  in  our  times:  Civil  rights  and  other  movements  of  1960s- Human Rights Movements in the USSR- Anti-nuclear and Anti- war movements- Globalization,  marginalized  people  and  environmental  movements-  Greenpeace Movement  in  Europe-  Bhopal  Gas  Disaster  related  movements-  Silent  Valley Movement  1973-85-  Movement  against  dams-  Narmada  river-  Movement  of women  for  social  Justice-  Aadavallu  Ekamaite-  Social  mobilization  on  human rights- Meria paibi Movement.
23. Land  lords  and  tenants  under  the  British  and  Nizams-  Freedom  movement  in Hyderabad State.
24. The Movement for the Formation of Telangana State: The merger of Hyderabad with India- The Gentlemen’s Agreement- Mulki rules- 1969 Agitation- Movements in 1990s- In the process of achieving Telangana- Withdrawal of announcement- Telangana achieved –Prof. Jaya Shanker.
25. The Modern World: Beginning of Modern Age, Renaissance, Development in   Science,  The  Reformation  Movement,  Rise  of  Nation  States,  Struggle  against Absolute Monarchies.
26. Changing  Cultural  Traditions  in  Europe  1300-1800:  The  Ancient  and  Medieval World  in  Europe-  Medieval  Asia-  Beginning  of  Modern  era-  Humanism-  Artists and  Realism-  Architecture-  The  Printing  Press-  A  New  Concept  of  Human Beings- The Aspirations of Women- Reformation- Beginning of Modern Science- Exploration of Sea Routes- Renaissance in India
27. Democratic  and  Nationalist  Revolutions  17th  and  18th  19th  Centuries:  England- The  Civil  War  and  the  Glorious  Revolution-  American  War  of  Independence 1774-1789-French   Revolution-Growing   Middle   Class-   The   Outbreak   of   the Revolution-  France-  Constitutional  Monarchy-  The  Reign  of  Terror-  Directory  of Rule –Nepolean-Unification of Germany- Unification of Italy.
28. Capitalism and Industrial Revolution –Social Change.
29. The  Revolutionary  Movements:  The  Glorious  Revolution,  The  American  war  of Independence, The French Revolution of 1789 
30. Nationalist  Movements:  Rise  and  fall  of  Napoleon,  French  Revolution  of  1830 and  the  1848  Revolt,  Unification  of  Germany  and  Italy,  Socialist  Movements  – Rise of Working class, Paris Commune of 1871 
31. Imperialism:   Factors   in   the   rise   of   Imperialism,   Forms   and   Methods   of Imperialism, Scramble for Africa and Asia, Colonialism in America.
32. Contemporary  World:  The  First  World  war,  League  of  Nations,  The  Russian Revolution of 1905 and 1917- Expansion of Democracy- in World.
33. The World upto World War II: Rise of Fascism and Nazism, Militarism in Japan,  U.S.A.  and  U.S.S.R.  after  World  War  I,  Turkey  after  World  War  I,Failure  of League  of Nations, Spanish Civil  war, World war II, The Nationalist Movements in Asia  and  Africa, Emergence of Latin America.
34. The World after World War II: Formation of Military Blocks, Role of independent  Nations of  Asia and Africa in the World Affairs, Non-Alignment Movement, Role of  UNO  in  preserving    World  Peace,  Problems  of  Disarmament  and  Nuclear Weapons, Prominent Personalities of  the World.
Civics:
1.  Family/Social  Institutions:  Family,  Marriage,  Religion,  Education,  Economic  and Political.
2.  Community   and   Groups:   Types   of   Community   and   Groups,   Community Development,  Civic  life,  Social  evil  in  our  Society,  Evolution  of  Society,  Culture and Society
3.  State:  Essential  elements  of  State,  Nation  and  State  –  Nation,  Nationality, Nationalism.
4.  Our Government: Local Self Government – Rural and Urban, Decentralization of  powers,  District  Administration,  Role  of  Public  Services  ,Govt.  at  Centre,  State with reference to • Executive – Executive Council in the Union Government and State, Government. • Legislative – Indian Parliament, State Legislative Assembly, Legislation  and  •  Judiciary  and  interpretation  of  Laws  –  Independent  Judiciary, Judiciary  system  in  the  Country  and  State,  Courts  as  watch  dogs  of  Citizens Rights, Lok Adalats.
5.    Citizenship Administration – Citizen Charter, Central Vigilance Commission, Lok Ayukta,  Human  Rights  Commission,  Good  Governance  – Right  to  Information Act,   Information   Technology   Act,   e-Governance,   People’s   participation   in Governance,  Indian  Constitution:  Historical  background,  Constituent  Assembly, Drafting Committee, Sources of Indian Constitution, Classification of Constitution, India as a Nation, Preamble, Salient features of Indian Constitution, Fundamental Rights  and  Directive  Principles,  Fundamental  Duties,  Rights  and  Duties  – Meaning,  kinds  of  Rights  and  Duties,  India  as  a  Federation  and  Unitary  State, Unity in Diversity, National Integration.
6.   Indian   Democracy:   Meaning,   Nature,   Types   of   Democracy,   Elections   and Election process, Major Political parties, Role of Political parties in  Democracy, Presidential and Parliamentary Democracy, Future of Democracy, Public opinion –  Agencies  of  Public  opinion,  Press,  Media,  Political  parties,  Pressure  groups. Democracy in village level, Local Self Governments in urban areas.
7.  Socialism:  Meaning,  Definition,  Characteristics of  Socialism,  Social  barriers  in India,  Socialism  in  practice  –  Challenges  facing  in  our  Country  –  Illiteracy, Regionalism,  Communalism,  Child  Rights,  Law,  Society  and  individual,  Anti Social Practices, Socialism and Constitutional Provisions
8.  Secularism:  Need  and  Importance,  India  –  Religious  tolerance,  Promotion  of Secularism in India.
9.  World Peace and Role of India: India in the International Era, Foreign Policy,Non-Alignment Movement (NAM) Policy, India and Common Wealth, India’s relations with super powers, India and neighbours, India and SAARC, India’s leading role in the World. 
10. U.N.O.  and  contemporary  World  problems:  UNO  –  Organs  and  specialized   Agencies,functions,  achievements,  India’s  Role  in  UN,  Contemporary  World  problems,  New  nternational  Economic  Order,Environmental  Protection,Human Rights.
11. Traffic Education / Road Safety Education. 
12. Women Protection Acts and Child Rights.
13. Culture and Communication- Handicrafts and handlooms in Telangana Structural Monuments-  performing  arts-  and  artists,  Film  and  print  media  and  sports: Nationalism and Commerce.
Economics :
I. Economics  –  Meaning,  Definitions,  Scope,  Importance,  Classification  of Economics (micro and macro) – Concepts of Economics – different types
of  goods,  wealth,  income,  utility,  value,  price,  wants  and  welfare  Basic Elements  of  Economics  –  Types  of  Utility,  Consumption,  Production,Distribution,  Scarcity,  Economic  agents.Factors  of Production  –  Land, Labour, Capital and Organization – Forms of Business Organization.
II. Consumption:   Cardinal   and   Ordinal   Utility,   The Law   of   diminishing Marginal Utility – Limitations and Importance, Law of Equi-Marginal Utility
– Consumers Equilibrium, Importance of the Law.
III.  a)  Theory  of  Demand:  Meaning,  Determinants  of  Demand,  Demand Schedule – Individual and Market Demand Schedule, the Law of Demand,
Demand Curve, Demand function, Elasticity of Demand.
b)   Supply:   Theory   of   Production,   Production   function,   factors   of Production,  Supply  schedule,  Determinants  of  Supply,  Supply  function,
Law  of  Supply,  Supply  Curve.  Cost  Curves  –  Fixed  and  variable  costs, money  costs  and  real costs,  total  cost,  average  cost,and marginal  cost  –
opportunity cost. Revenue – total, average and marginal revenue.
c)  Theory  of  Value  -  Classification  of  Markets,  Perfect  Competition  – features,   Price   determination   -   Types   of   Imperfect competition   –
Monopoly, Oligopoly, Duopoly.
IV.  Theory of Distribution: Distribution of Income – determination of factor. prices  –  rent,  wage,  interest  and  profit,  Types  of Economics,Capitalistic,
Socialistic and Mixed economy.
V.  National  Income:  Definitions  of  National  Income  –  Concepts  –  Gross National Product – Net National Product – National Income at factor cost –
Personal  income  –  Disposable  income  –  Per  capita  income  –  Gross Domestic  Product  –  Net  Domestic  Product  –  Nominal  and  Real  Gross
National  Product,  Components  of  National  income  –  Consumption  – Investment    –    Government    expenditure   –    Exports    minus    Imports (Y=C+I+G+X-M),  National  Income  and  Distribution  –  Standard  of  living, Human Development Index, Economic inequalities and Poverty Line.
VI.  Revenue  and  Expenditure:  Types  of  Revenue,  Taxation  –  Direct  and Indirect  Taxes,  Types  of  Taxes,  System  of  Taxation –  Progressive, regressive,  Proportionate,  Cannons  of  Taxation,  Effects  of  Taxes,  Public Expenditure
VII.     Budget: Meaning, Definition, Central and Stage Budgets, Types of Budget – Surplus, Balanced and Deficit, Classification of Revenue & Expenditure in Budget, Types of Deficits.
VIII.     Money: Definition, Functions of Money, Classification of Money, supply of Money.
IX.  Banking: Commercial Banks – functions, Central Bank – origin, functions, Reserve Bank of India, Co-operative Rural Banks, Regional Rural Banks.
X.  Inflation:  Meaning  –  Definition,  Types  of  Inflation  –  Effects  of  Inflation, Measures to control Inflation – Monitory and Physical Policies.
XI Economic    Growth    &    Development:    Economic    Growth, Economic           Development   –   Concept,   Indicators,   Factors   influencing   Economic Development, Economic development in India.
XII.  a)    Indian    Economy:    Characteristics    of    Indian Economy    before Independence,  Indian  Economy  since  Independence  –  Organized  and
Unorganized Sectors.
b)  Population  –  World  Population,  Population  in  India  and  Telangana  – Birth and Death rate – Occupational distribution of Population in India and
Telangana.
c)   Human   Resource   Development:   Meaning   of   Human   Resource Development  –  Role  of Education  and  Health  in  Economic  Development,
Human Development Index
d)   Agriculture   sector   in   India:   Importance,   Characteristics   of   Indian agriculture, Causes of Low Productivity, Measures to increase Agriculture
Productivity in India, Land reforms in India, Green Revolution, Agriculture Marketing, Agricultural Finance, Role of Banks in Agriculture Development
(Commercial  Banks,  NABARD,  Co-operative  Banks,  Regional  and  Rural Banks).
e)   Industrial   Sector:   Role   of   Industrial   Sector   in Indian   Economy, Classification  of  Industries,  Industrial  Growth,  Industrial  Policy  Resolution
– 1948, 1956 and 1991 New Economic Policy
f) Tertiary Sector (Service Sector) - importance
g)   Problems   of   Indian   Economy:   Poverty,   Unemployment,   Regional Disparities, Inflation, Income Inequalities – Lorenge Curve.
h)  Planning:  Meaning  and  Definition,  Planning  Commission,  Five  Year Plans  in  India  –  A  brief  review,  General  and  specific  objectives  of  Indian
Five Year Plans, Achievements and failures of Five Year Plans.
XIII.   Natural Calamities and Diaster Management- Sustainable Development.
Part – IV 
Teaching Methodology (Mathematics) (Marks: 16) 
1.  Meaning and Nature of Mathematics, History of Mathematics. 
2.  Contributions of Great Mathematicians – Aryabhatta, Bhaskaracharya, Srinivasa   Ramanujan, Euclid, Pythagoras, George cantor. 
3.  Aims  and  Values  of  teaching  Mathematics,  Instructional  objectives  (Blooms taxonomy) 
4.  Mathematics   curriculum:   Principles,   approaches   of   curriculum   construction,         -Logical and Psychological, Topical and Concentric,
 Spiral approaches. Qualities of a good Mathematics text book. 
5.  Methods   of   teaching   mathematics-   Heuristic   method,   Laboratory   method, Inductive  and  Deductive  methods,  Analytic  and  Synthetic  methods,  Project method and Problem Solving method. 
6.  Unit Plan, Year Plan, Lesson Planning in Mathematics. 
7.  Instructional materials, Edgar Dale’s Cone of Experience. 
8.  Evolving strategies for the gifted students and slow learners,  
9.  Techniques  of  teaching  mathematics  like  Oral  work,  Written  work,  Drilling, Assignment, Project, Speed and Accuracy. 
10. Mathematics   club,   Mathematics   structure,   Mathematics   order   and   pattern sequence.  
11. Evaluation  –  Types,  Tools  and  Techniques  of  Evaluation,  Preparation  of  SAT Analysis, Characteristics of a good test.

Teaching Methodology (Biological Science) (Marks: 16) 
1.  The  Nature  of  Science:  Nature and  scope  of  science,  Science,  ideology  and Society, Structure of Science (a) Substantive structure – Empirical knowledge, Theoretical  Knowledge  –  (Facts,  Concepts,  hypothesis,  theory,  Principle Law),  (b)Syntactic  Structure  of  Science  –  Scientific  inquiry,  Processes  of Science, Attitudes of inquiry 
2.  The History  and Development of  Science:  A brief introduction  to  oriental  and western  science,  Contribution  of  the  following  Scientists  in  the  Development of   Science:   Aryabhatta,   BhaskaraCharya,   Aristotle, Copernicus,  Newton, Einstein,  C.V.Raman,  Various  organizations  working
for  the  development  of science in India 
3.  Aims  and  Values  of  teaching  Physical  Sciences:  Aims  of  teaching  Physical Sciences,  Values  of  teaching  Physical  Science,  Correlation  of  Physics  and Chemistry with other subjects 
4.  Objectives   of   teaching   Physical   Sciences:   Meaning   and   importance   of objectives, Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational objectives, Specific / Behavioral objectives / (Instructional objectives), Critique on Bloom’s Taxonomy 
5.  Approaches  and  Methods  of  teaching  Physical  Sciences:  Inductive  and Deductive  Approaches,  Micro  Teaching,  Team  Teaching,  Lecture  Method, Lecture  cum  Demonstration  Method,  Historical  Method,  Heuristic  Method, Project   Method,   Laboratory  method,   Problem  Solving Method,  Scientific Method,  Multimedia  Approach  in  Teaching  Learning  process,  Programmed Learning, CAI and CAL 
6.  Planning  for  effective  instruction  in  Science:  Year  Plan,  Unit  Plan,  Lesson Plan,    Learning    experience,    characteristics,    classification,    source    and relevance. 
7.  Teaching  Learning  Material  (TLM):  Characteristics  and  Importance  of  TLM, Classification  and  Types  of  TLM,  Hardware  and  Software  in  TLM,  TLM- Principles to be followed, Edgar Dale’s cone of learning experience. 
8.  Science  laboratories:  Importance  of  Practical  work  in  science,  Planning  of Science  laboratories,   Procurement,   care  and   maintenance   of   laboratory equipment,  Registers,  Management  of  safety  and  science  kits,  Development of improvised Apparatus. 
9.  Physical  Science  Curriculum:  Principles  of  Curriculum  Construction,  Defects in  the  existing  school  science  curriculum,  Qualities  of  a  good  Science  Text Book. 
10. Non-formal  Science  Education:  Science  Clubs,  Science  Fairs  –  purposes, levels, organization, advantages, Science Library, Role of NGOs and State in popularizing Science 
11. Evaluation:   Concept   and   Process   of   Evaluation, Tools   of   Evaluation, Preparation    of    Scholastic    Achievement    Test    (SAT),    Analysis    and interpretation of Scores

Teaching Methodology (Social Studies) (Marks: 16) 
1.  Social  Studies  –  Meaning,  Nature  and  Scope:  Defining  Social  Studies,  Main features  of  Social  Studies,  Social  Studies  and  Social  Sciences  differentiated, Scope  of  Social  Studies  –  Types  of  Subject  material  and  learning  experiences included in the study of Social Studies, Need and importance of Social Studies 
2.  Values,  Aims  and  Objectives  of  Teaching  Social  Studies:  Values  of  teaching Social Studies, Aims of teaching Social Studies at Secondary Level, Instructional Objectives  of  teaching  Social  Studies,  Relationship  of  instructional  objectives with general aims and objectives of Social Studies, Taxonomy of Educational and instructional objectives, Writing objectives in behavioural terms   3.  Social  Studies  Curriculum:  Social  Studies  as  a  Core  subject,  Principles  of Curriculum  Construction  in  Social  Studies,  Organization  of  subject  matter  – different   approaches   correlated,   integrated,   topical,   concentric,   unit   and chronological . 
4.  Instructional  Strategies  in  Social  Studies:  Techniques,  devices  and  maxims, Different  methods  of  teaching  Social  Studies  -  Story  telling,  lecture,  source, discussion,  project,  problem,  inductive,  deductive,  observation,  assignment  – socialized recitation, Team teaching, Supervised study 
5.  Planning for Instruction: Developing teaching skills through Micro-teaching, Year Planning, Unit Planning, Lesson Planning 
6.  Instructional  Material  and  Resources:  Text  books,  work  books,  supplementary material  syllabus,  curriculum  guides,  hand  books,  Audio  visual,  Social  Studies laboratory, library, clubs and museum, Utilizing community resources
7.  Social  Studies  Teacher:  Qualities  of  a  good  Social  Studies  teacher,  Roles  and responsibilities 
8.  Evaluation   in   Social   Studies:   Concept   and   purpose,   Types   of   Evaluation, Evaluation as a continuous and comprehensive process, Different techniques of Evaluation, Preparation for Scholastic Achievement test 

విషయసూచిక

శాస్త్రాలు:
భౌగోళికశాస్త్రము, చరిత్ర, రాజనీతిశాస్త్రము, ఆర్థికశాస్త్రము, భౌతికశాస్త్రము, రసాయనశాస్త్రము, జీవశాస్త్రము, గణితశాస్త్రము, మనస్తత్వశాస్త్రము,

భారతదేశ వ్యక్తులు, శాస్త్రవేత్తలు, క్రీడాకారులు, అవార్డు గ్రహీతలు,

క్రీడాకారులు, బ్యాడ్మింటన్, క్రికెట్, ఫుట్‌బాల్, హాకీ, టెన్నిస్,

తెలంగాణ, ఆంధ్రప్రదేశ్, బీహార్, ఢిల్లీ, గుజరాత్, హర్యానా, జమ్మూకాశ్మీర్, ఝార్ఖండ్, కర్ణాటక, కేరళ, మధ్యప్రదేశ్, మహారాష్ట్ర, ఒరిస్సా, పంజాబ్, రాజస్థాన్, తమిళనాడు, ఉత్తరప్రదేశ్, పశ్చిమబెంగాల్,

భారతదేశము, ఆస్ట్రేలియా, చైనా, ఇంగ్లాండు, ఫ్రాన్సు, ఇటలీ, జపాన్, పాకిస్తాన్, రష్యా, శ్రీలంక, అమెరికా,

ఇతరములు:
సినిమా, హిందూమతము, సంగీతం, కొటేషన్లు, సంవత్సరాలు,

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